Sustainability: Select Sources & References

The following is a list of SOME of the organizations, engaged in sustainability, and literature/research on sustainability that UVC has consulted in developing it’s sustainable community planning methodology.

Sustainable community planners/practitioners may find it helpful to consult some of these sources.



PRIVATE CAPITAL,PUBLIC GOOD: How Smart Federal Policy Can Galvanize Impact Investing — and Why It’s Urgent,US NATIONAL  ADVISORY BOARD ON IMPACT INVESTING JUNE 2014


When Measuring Social Impact, We Need To Move Beyond Counting (Chain of Impact)

Mike McCreless is Director of Strategy and Impact at Root Capital.


Impact at Scale: Policy Innovation for Institutional Investment with Social and Environmental Benefit


Impact Investing: A Framework for Policy Design and Analysis

Jan 15, 2011 · Ben Thornley, David Wood, Katie Grace publications/Impact_Investing_Policy_Full_Report.pdf


The Strategic Plan is Dead. Long Live Strategy.

In today’s fast-changing world, why freeze your strategic thinking in a five-year plan?

By Dana O’Donovan & Noah Rimland Flower43 | Jan. 10, 2013



Strategic Philanthropy for a Complex World

By John Kania, Mark Kramer, & Patty Russell1 | Summer 2014



Interrogating the theory of change: evaluating impact investing where it matters most, Edward T. Jackson

Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment, 2013

Vol. 3, No. 2, 95– 110,



Philanthropy and  the Social Economy: BLUEPRINT 2013

The Annual Industry Forecast by Lucy Bernholz


Philanthropy and  the Social Economy: BLUEPRINT 2014

The Annual Industry Forecast by Lucy Bernholz


Impact Investing: Transforming How We Make Money While Making a Difference. John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2011. Bugg-Levine, Antony, and Emerson, Jed.


Impact Investment & Grantmaking: Measuring Impacts & Outcomes

April 16, 2014 -Jessica Margolin



Impact Investments: An Emerging Asset Class. J.P. Morgan, The Rockefeller Foundation and the GIIN, Nov 2010;


Smarter Philanthropy for Greater Impact

This special supplement includes eleven perspectives on “scaling what works”—what it means, what it takes to do it right, and what needs to happen to increase the impact of successful solutions to social challenge


Insight into the Impact Investment Market: An in-depth analysis of investor perspectives. JP Morgan and the GIIN; Social Finance Research; 14 December 2011.;


Perspectives on Progress: The Impact Investor Survey, J.P. Morgan and the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN) 7th January 2013,;


Spotlight on the Market: The Impact Investor Survey, J.P. Morgan and the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN) May 2014,



From Blueprint to Scale: The Case for Philanthropy in. Impact Investing. Harvey Koh, Ashish Karamchandani, Robert Katz Philanthropy%20in%20Impact%20Investing_Full%20report.pdf


Accelerating Impact:AchievementsChallenges and What’s Next in Building the Impact Investing Industry.” Prepared for The Rockefeller FoundationNew YorkJuly 2012

Harji, Karim and Edward T. Jackson.


When Can Impact Investing Create Real Impact?

Although it is possible for impact investors to achieve social impact along with market rate returns, it’s not easy to do and doesn’t happen nearly as often as many boosters would have you believe.

By Paul Brest & Kelly Born8 | Fall 2013


B Corporations, Benefit Corporations and Social Purpose Corporations: Launching a New Era of Impact-Driven Companies

A white paper by Network for Business Innovation &Sustainability 2012 NBIS. (


Evaluation’s Next Generation

A look at characteristics and approaches that represent the evolution of traditional evaluation.

By Srik Gopalakrishnan2 | Oct. 2, 2013


Proving that every impact investment goes beyond what mainstream investors bring is unrealistic.

By Amit Bouri | 8 | Fall 2013


Response to “When Can Impact Investing Create Real Impact?”

To achieve social impact, investors and entrepreneurs must broaden beyond the enterprise.

By Antony Bugg-Levine | 25 | Fall 2013


To avoid creating a Potemkin village, impact investors must collect better social impact data

By Sasha Dichter | 8 | Fall 2013


Investors can have social impact by investing in underserved geographic areas.

By Brian Trelstad | 8 | Fall 2013


Impact investors should not be burdened with proving social impact.

By Alvaro Rodriguez Arregui & Michael Chu | 8 | Fall 2013


Unpacking the Impact in Impact Investing

A longer version of “When Can Impact Investing Create Real Impact?” from the Fall 2013 Up for Debate feature.

By Paul Brest & Kelly Born

When Good Is Not Good Enough

Leaders of two of the most successful nonprofit organizations argue that the sector needs to shift its attention from modest goals that provide short-term relief to bold goals that, while harder to achieve, provide long-term solutions by tackling the root of social problems.

By Bill Shore, Darell Hammond, & Amy Celep29 | Fall 2013


To Get to the Good, You Gotta Dance With the Wicked

There may not be one resolution to wicked problems and nonprofits can’t—and shouldn’t—do it all.

By Cynthia Gibson, Katya Smyth, Gail Nayowith, & Jonathan Zaff | Sep. 19, 2013


The Trouble With Impact Investing: P1

Kevin Starr | 24 | Jan. 24, 2012

The Trouble with Impact Investing

There’s only one bottom line, and it ought to be impact. Impact investors need to step back and think about exactly what problem they want to solve.


Impact Investing 2.0: The Way Forward , Insight from 12 Outstanding Funds-Nov. 2013


Accelerating Impact: Achievements , Challenges, What’s Next in Building the Impact Investing Industry

E.T. Jackson and Associates Ltd. The Rockefeller Foundation, New York July 2012 achievements


The Money and Impact Investing Directory,

The material is organized into 14 categories. Some examples: local banking, economies and business includes such organizations as Business Alliance for Local Living Economies (BALLE); schools and programs for impact investing, which lists everything from Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship (CASE) at Duke and its i3 Initiative on Impact Investing to the Skoll Center for Social Entrepreneurship: and articles and papers, with work from impact investing pioneer Rockefeller Foundation, the Huffington Post and other places.



Collective Insights on Collective Impact

This special supplement features the most recent thinking and learning about how to use the collective impact approach to address large-scale social and environmental problems-SSIR Fall 2014


The Strategic Plan is Dead. Long Live Strategy.

In today’s fast-changing world, why freeze your strategic thinking in a five-year plan?

By Dana O’Donovan & Noah Rimland Flower43 | Jan. 10, 2013


Response to “When Can Impact Investing Create Real Impact?”

To achieve social impact, investors and entrepreneurs must broaden beyond the enterprise.

By Antony Bugg-Levine | 30 | Fall 2013

Transformative Scale: The Future of Growing What Works:

Nine strategies to deliver impact at a scale that truly meets needs.

By Jeffrey Bradach & Abe Grindle


Shifts in Thinking to Achieve Transformative Scale

By Mark Bonchek4 | May. 6, 2014

Transformative Pathways to Improving Health Care

Rather than simply scaling up, one nonprofit is “letting go” of its model and forming partnerships to change the US health care system.By Rebecca Onie, Sarah Di Troia, & Sonia Sarkar | May. 8, 2014


Leveraging Legacy Organizations

Part of a series of articles on helping mature organizations stay adaptive and increase their social impact.

By Heather McLeod Grant 3 | Jul. 24, 2013

Social Innovation at Scale-Monitor Institute highlights the value of helping mature organizations stay adaptive and increase their social impact.


Making the Case for Innovation at Scale

Part of a series of articles on helping mature organizations stay adaptive and increase their social impact

By Heather McLeod Grant | Jul. 31, 2013


Tackling Changing Markets with Enterprise Community Partners

Part of a series of articles on helping mature organizations stay adaptive and increase their social impact.

By Heather McLeod Grant & Carolien DeBruin | Aug. 21, 2013


The Five Stages of Social Innovation at Scale

Part of a series of articles on helping mature organizations stay adaptive and increase their social impact.

By Heather McLeod Grant | Aug. 28, 2013


If the Goal is Scale, Promote Theft

Too many smart people are trying to come up with too many new solutions; fostering plagiarism of successful models is the fastest track to systems change.

By Eric Stowe21 | Sep. 23, 2013


Collective Impact

By John Kania & Mark Kramer | 59 | Winter 2011

Large-scale social change requires broad cross-sector coordination, yet the social sector remains focused on the isolated intervention of individual organizations.


Embracing Emergence: How Collective Impact Addresses Complexity

Collective impact is upending conventional wisdom on how we achieve social progress

By John Kania & Mark Kramer5 | Jan. 21, 2013


Scale = Partnership

Lessons from a new study by the Ashoka Globalizer Program.

By Roshan Paul | Aug. 26, 2013


Collective Impact Gathers Momentum

Making multi-sector collaborations work—a report from the CECP 2012 Corporate Philanthropy Summit.

By Eric Nee4 | Jun. 8, 2012


What’s Strategy Got to Do With It?

We need to broaden philanthropy’s view of social sciences.

By Chris Cardona | Aug. 27, 2013





Model Behavior 20 Business Model Innovations for Sustainability




Emerald Cities, Joan Fitzgerald, Oxford University Press 2010


The Green Collar Economy, Van Jones, HarperOne, 2008


Toward Sustainable Communities: Resources for Citizens and Their Governments, Revised Edition, Mark Roseland, New Society Publishers 2005


Small is Beautiful: Economics as if People Matter, E.F. Schumacher, Harper & Row 1973


The Brundtland Report

World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future,1987


Global City Indicators Program Submitted to The World Bank, April 1,2008


A vision of smarter cities :How cities can lead the way into a prosperous and sustainable future

IBM Global Business Services


Making Sustainability HappenMarket Mechanisms For Sustainable Neighborhood Development,  Lindberg, Christopher Martin

Department of Geography – Simon Fraser University


Sustainable development and coming to terms with complexity

Published by UNDP in Europe and Central Asia

December 22, 2011  Albert Soer  Balazs Horvath



Sustainable Airport Manual (SAM), The Chicago Department of Aviation


Major Influences on UVC’s M-A-AP $ Moneti$e Methodology


  • Australia- Melbourne Principles for Sustainable Cities
  • Stockholm, Sweden Resilience Centre
  • The Natural Step, Multi-National
  •  Barefoot Collective, Multi-National
  • The South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (sic) (SPREP)
  • IDEO, Global Design Firm, Human-Centered, Design (HCD)
  • Global Ecovillage Network (sic)
  •  Jennie Lynn Moore, “What Stops Sustainability?”Canada
  • Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC)
  • STAR COMMUNITY INDEX-ICLEI, USGBC, National League of Cities , and Center for American Progress
  • World Commission on Environment and Development: Brundtland Report, 1987; Agenda 21, 1992
  • WORLD BANK- GLOBAL CITY INDICATORS PROGRAM (GCIP) –Developed with  The UN-Habitat, The World Economic Forum, OECD, the Government of Canada, and ICLEI.
  • International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)-Bellagio Principles
  •  Mark Roseland, Director of the Centre for Sustainable Community Development, at Simon Fraser University Vancouver, Canada



  • Center for Transit Orientated Development
  •  Positive Deviance Initiative
  •  Smart Growth America
  •  Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development
  • Community and Regional Resilience Institute (CARRI)
  • IBM Smart Cities
  • J. Kotter,” Organizational Transformation: Large Scale Change”
  • C. Lindberg, “Assessment of Sustainability Barriers in Governance and Decision-making Systems”
  • Sustainable Business Achievement Ratings Categories of Business Activity (S-BAR) System
  • The Green College Sustainability Indicators
  • J. Yudelson, “The Ten Step Program for Corporate Sustainability”
  •  First Nations Development Institute
  •  Airports Going Green
  •  TELLUS Institute
  •  HUD-DOT-EPA Partnership for Sustainable Communities



  • California- Santa Monica City Sustainability Plan,
  • California-USC Center for Sustainable Cities
  • Minnesota- Minneapolis Sustainability Indicators and Numerical Targets
  • New York – PlaNYC 2030
  • Massachusetts-Harvard University “Sustainable Science Program”
  • Massachusetts- Sustainable Northampton Plan
  • Oregon Progress Board: Oregon Shines; Oregon Benchmarks



Reinventing America’s Legacy Cities: Strategies for Cities Losing Population


Regenerating America’s Legacy Cities (Policy Focus Report) Mallach, Alan and Lavea Brachman May 2013


Strategic Lessons in Sustainable Community Building—The Groundwork USA Network

By Joseph Schilling with Raksha Vasudevan, Center for Community Progress In Collaboration with Groundwork USA


Revitalizing the Legacy Cities of Upstate New York, The American Assembly, 2013


New Normal: Living Cities Annual Report 2010

provides our perspective on what the public, private and philanthropic sector need to do together in this second decade of the 21st century to address the contemporary needs of U.S. cities


The Nordic Council of Ministers,




The 10 Traits of Globally Fluent Metro Areas, The Brookings Institution, Metropolitan Policy Program | 2013




American Indian Studies Center 2008


The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development: Findings and Considerations



An Introduction to the Research Findings of the

Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

and the Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, University of Arizona Diné Español Português

Online version with links to the cited research available at:


Small Business Incubation and Its Prospects in Indian Country

Drew Tulchin, Jessica Shortall December, 2008

Social Enterprise Associates



Sovereignty and Nation-Building: The Development Challenge in Indian Country Today

Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt, 2003

Reprinted by permission of the American Indian Culture and Research Journal


What Makes First Nations Enterprises Successful? Lessons from the Harvard Project

Stephen Cornell 2006



Collaboration: What makes it work, a review of research literature on factors influencing successful collaboration (2nd ed.), Amherst H. Wilder Foundation 5/1/2001 Factors Inventory/Collaboration Factors Inventory.pdf


Collaboration handbookcreating, sustaining, and enjoying the journey. Amherst H. Wilder Foundation, 1994

The Search Conference: A Powerful Method for Planning Organizational Change and Community Action, Merrelyn Emery, Ronald E. Purser, Jossey-Bass Inc. 1996


The TeamNet Factor: Bringing the Power of Boundary Crossing Into the Heart of Your Business

Jessica Lipnack & Jefferey Stamps Oliver Wright Publications Inc. 1993


The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology, Edited by Wiebe Bijker, Thomas P. Hughes, Trevor Pinch, The MIT Press 1989


The Social Life of Information, John Seeley Brown, Paul Duguid, Harvard Business School Press, 2000


Cultivating Communities of Practice,  Etienne Wenger, Richard McDermott and William M. Snyder Harvard Business School Press (Mar 15, 2002)


Collaborative Leadership Fieldbook: A Guide for Citizens and Civic Leaders, David D. Chrislip

John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2002



Leading Change, John P. Kotter, Harvard Business School Press, 1996


Strategic Organizational Change: A Practitioners Guide for Managers and Consultants, 2nd Edition Michael A. Beiber, Ph.D., Practitioner Press International 2006


The Change Management Pocket Guide: Tools for Managing Change 1st Edition, Kate Nelson, Stacy Aaron, Change Guides LLC, 2005


How to Change the World, Jurgen Appelo, JoJo Ventures BV 2012

 We Make the Road by Walking: Conversations on Education and Social Change, Myles Horton and Paolo Freire, Temple University Press, 1990


The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization, Peter M Senge, Doubleday, 1990


A Comparative Analysis of Complex Organizations, Amitai Etzioni, The Free Press 1971


Philosophy and Social Hope, Richard Rorty, penguin Books 1999

Leadership Without Easy Answers, Ronald A. Heifitz, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1994

Rules for Radicals: A Pragmatic Primer for Realistic Radicals, Saul Alinsky Vintage Books, 1972


Frontiers of Complexity: The Search for Order in a Chaotic World,  Roger Highfield and Peter Coveney  Ballantine 1995

Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software Steven Johnson Touchstone 2002


Simplexity: Why Simple Things Become Complex (and How Complex Things Can Be Made Simple),

 Jeffrey Kluger Hyperion 2009


How to Change the World: Change Management 3.0  Jurgen Appelo,


Theory of Change TECHNICAL PAPERS A Series of Papers to Support Development of Theories of Change Based on Practice in the Field. By Dr. Dana H. Taplin, Dr. Heléne Clark, Eoin Collins, and David C. Colby, April 2013


Change and Identity in Complex Systems, Graeme S. Cumming and John Collier



Using Complexity Science Concepts When Designing System Interventions and Evaluations, Beverly Parsons

InSites (



Performance Dashboards: Measuring, Monitoring, and Managing Your Business Wayne W. Eckerson, 2nd Edition 2010


Use of Dashboards in Government

Sukumar Ganapatim Florida International University 2011, IBM Center for The Business of Government


PERFORMANCE DASHBOARDS Key Strategies From NewSchools’ Portfolio Ventures 2008